The next chapter that Shaykh bin Baz moves on to in his important lessons is the conditions of the Salah. The scholars often bring the conditions of an affair first as it is a prerequisite of the affair, without them it cannot be completed.
However, due to studying these types of topics in our lessons of “A Summary of Islamic Fiqh”, we will move on to the chapter: “Adorning oneself with Islamic Mannerisms”.
From Islamic mannerisms is:
Giving the salaam
The Messenger Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “You will not enter Jannah until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another, shall I not direct you to an affair that if you were to do it, you would love one another? Spread the salaam amongst you.”
From the rights of the muslim is that it is obligatory to return the salaam if one gives you the salaam. It is not obligatory to initiate though it is recommended. You must reply with that which is equal, or greater.
Al Bashaashah (To smile).
To greet your brother with a happy, smiling face.
The Prophet Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Do not belittle anything from the good deeds, even if it is to meet your brother with a smiling face.”
To eat and drink with the right hand.
The Prophet Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam forbade eating and drinking with the left hand and said “Do not eat with your left hand. The Shaytaan eats and drinks with his left hand.”
The one who eats with his left is resembling Shaytaan.
To say the basmallah prior to eating and to praise Allaah after eating
The Prophet Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “O boy, say Bismillaah and eat with your right hand, and eat that which suits you”.
And he said: “Allaah is pleased with His servant that he eats and gives thanks after. Likewise that he drinks and give thanks for that drink.”
Imam Ahmed said: “If food brings about 4 things, then it is complete. If the name of Allaah is mentioned, and He is praised at the end of it, and there are many hands that take from it (food shared) and it is from a Halal means”
If you forget to say the basmallah before eating one should say: “Bismillaah fi Awallihi wa Aakhirihi” (In the Name of Allaah, in the beginning and in the end)
To praise Allaah and when you sneeze and to respond to the one who has sneezed:
The wisdom behind praising Allaah after sneezing is, as Ibnul Qayyim mentions, that there is some benefit and blessing that comes about when we sneeze. That is the congested gases in the head leaving the body. So it is better not to try and withhold from sneezing.
Yawning, on the other hand, is from Shaytaan, so we should try to withhold it as much as possible.
To visit the sick:
When visiting we should make dua for the sick individual, try to motivate and encourage them and make them optimistic.
To follow the Funeral procession:
The Prophet Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whoever witnesses the Janaza then for him is the Qiraat, and for the one who remains until the person is buried, then for him is Qiraataan (2 qiraats)” it was said what is Qiraataan? He said “It is like two tremendous mountains”.
Entering and Exiting the Masjid:
Entering the masjid one should ask Allaah to open the doors of His Mercy.
And upon leaving, he should ask Allaah for His Bounty and Fadl.
Entering and Exiting the Home:
Entering the home one should say Bismillaah and give the Salaam. This will protect the home from Shaytaan.
The Prophet Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “If you enter upon your family then give the salam, in it is blessings for you and your family.”
Upon exiting the house, one should say “Bismillaah Tawakkaltu ‘Ala Allaah, wa Laa Hawla wa Laa Quwata Illa Billaah”. (In the Name of Allaah, I have placed my trust in Allaah and there is no might and no power except by Allaah).
When setting off upon a journey, we should begin with sincerity, making our journey (when it is for some khair or something permissible) for Allaah’s sake, if we wish to obtain the reward for it.
You should not travel on your own, the Prophet Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “The one who is travelling on his own is Ash Shaytaan. Two who are travelling on their own are 2 shaytaans. 3 is a group of travellers.”
Shaykh Fawzaan mentioned regarding this hadeeth: This is from the angle of being recommended. However, if one has to travel by himself due to necessity, then the dislike is removed. At the time of the Prophet when you travelled on your own you were genuinely on your own. And when you travel today, you are on motorways etc, and there are plenty of people around.
You should appoint a leader when travelling.
A woman shouldn’t travel without a mahram.
From the sunnah is to travel at the beginning of the day on a Thursday.
One should say the duas for travelling and when getting into his mode of transport.
When ascending one should say “Allaahu Akbar” and when descending one should say “SubhaanAllaah”.
When returning home from a journey one should pray 2 rak’ahs in the masjid first.
In the next lesson we will cover the mannerisms related to the parents, relatives, etc.
For more details listen to the audio, BaarakAllaahu Feekum.