The menstruating woman does not pray, nor does she fast. When she comes off her menses, she makes up her fasts, without making up the Salah.
It was narrated the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “give up prayer when your menstrual period begins”.
There is no shyness with these topics, rather, it is obligatory to know about them.
It is impermissible for a menstruating woman to make tawaf (go around the Ka’bah), to recite the Quran, or to stay in a mosque. It is also prohibited for her husband to have sexual intercourse with her, until her period is over and she takes a ritual bath. Allaah says:
They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: that is an Adha (a harmful thing for a husband to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses), therefore keep away from women during menses and go not unto them till they are purified. And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allâh has ordained for you…
(Al-Baqarah, ayah 222)
We can know menstrual blood through four signs:
- The colour. The menstrual blood is usually dark red, close to maroon.
- The thickness of it. The menstrual blood is thick.
- The smell of it. The smell of menstrual blood is somewhat foul.
- The solidification. The blood of menstruation doesn’t solidify.
There are two signs of a woman purifying:
- A clean white discharge
- The stopping of blood
The Permanent Committee of Scholars said: if a menstruating woman sees a clear sign that she’s come off the menses, then she takes a ritual bath, and she doesn’t pay attention to anything that comes after it, and she doesn’t consider it to be from menstruation.