In this talk, Ustaadh Abu Humayd continues on the topic of tayammum, discussing when it is permissible, how to perform tayammum and the things that nullify tayammum.
Tayammum becomes a substitute for water when water is unavailable. The evidence is in the statement of Allaah:
“and you find no water, then perform Tayammum” 5:6
Shaykh Uthaymeen stated that if a person is able to buy water, even if it is very expensive, it is obligatory upon that person to buy that water and use it for ghusl.
On some occasions, water is available but has the ruling of it not being obligatory to use. One instance is where water is available but is insufficient for necessities such as quenching the thirst of oneself and one’s family.
Another instance is the possibility of harm. The evidence is in the ayah:
“But if you are ill, then seek clean earth”. 5:6
Tayammum is also permissible in the case of inability to use water due to illness and fear of catching a cold. Allaah says:
“And do not kill yourselves [or one another]” 4.29
How to perform Tayammum: When performing tayammum, one strikes the earth with one’s hands while parting one’s fingers. Then one wipes over one’s face with the palm of one’s hands, and wipes over the hands with the palms of one’s hands, provided both the face and the hands are wholly wiped over.
Things nullifying Tayammum:
- Whatever minor ritual impurity nullifies ablution (i.e. urine, wind, etc.) nullifies tayammum.
- Whatever major ritual impurity necessitates ritual bathing (i.e. janabah, menstruation, etc.) nullifies tayammum.
- When water is found (in case tayammum is performed due to a lack of water)
- When there’s no longer a legal excuse such as illness and the like.
If one has not yet finished the prayer, and water becomes available, then it is allowed for this individual to leave that prayer to go and use that water for ghusl.
However, if one completes the prayer having performed tayammum due to no water, and then water later becomes available, the prayer of this individual is still valid.
For more benefits please listen to the full talk Baarakallaahu Feekum.