The previous lessons covered what the Muslim should come with, this lesson covers what the muslim should free themselves from.
Ustaadh Abu Humayd begins by mentioning the seven deadly sins narrated by Abu Hurayrah in Saheeh Al-Bukhari and Saheeh Al-Muslim.
The seven deadly sins:
- Shirk with Allaah
- killing someone unrightfully
- consuming the wealth of the orphan
- taking up usury
- fleeing from the battlefield
- wrongly accusing the chaste believing women of adultery
Also, from the major sins is:
- disobedience to the parents
- severing the ties of kinship
- false testimony
- to harm the neighbour
- to oppress people and transgress against a person’s honour
- the drinking of intoxicants
- backbiting and tale-carrying
The religious texts have shown that sins are of types: major and minor. The proof for that is the saying of Allaah:
وَكُلُّ شَيْءٍ فَعَلُوهُ فِي الزُّبُرِ
وَكُلُّ صَغِيرٍ وَكَبِيرٍ مُسْتَطَرٌ
And each and everything they have done is noted in (their) Records (of deeds).
And everything, small and big is written (in Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz already beforehand i.e. before it befalls, or is done by its doer)
(Sura Al-Qamar, Ayah 52-53)
When the Prophet Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa sallam says:
“He is not from me who does so and so”
Then this indicates that this action is a major sin.
Tawheed and Shirk are the greatest of all affairs. This is why when the Prophet Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa sallam would speak as it relates to commandments he would always begin with Tawheed. And when he would speak as it relates to that which is forbidden he would always begin with Shirk.
If a person has committed a major sin, it is better for them to make Tawbah in private and cover their sin. Rather than come out in public seeking for the Islamic punishment to be implemented (as would occur in a Muslim land, by the ruler).
It was narrated by the Prophet Salallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam: “From one jummah to the next, and one Ramadan to the next, and the five daily prayers, is an expiation for what occurs between them, so long as the major sins are avoided”.
This hadeeth further shows the proof that sins are major and minor.
The major sins have a punishment connected to them in this life and in the afterlife, so if a person knows this, then they must stay away from it.
However, the minor sins should not be belittled. There is no major sin with seeking forgiveness, meaning a major sin doesn’t remain when forgiving as Allaah is The Most-Forgiving.
A minor sin can become a major sin because if a person continues to perform this minor sin consistently, this shows that he doesn’t have fear of Allaah.
It was narrated that The Prophet Salallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Shall I not inform you of the greatest of the major sins?” The Companions replied: “of course”. The Prophet Salallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “shirk by Allaah and disobeying the parents”. This hadeeth shows deadly sins are not restricted to seven.
We apologise that the audio is missing the final 10 minutes of this lecture due to technical difficulties qadrullaah. Ustaadh Abu Humayd will recap this lesson at the start of the next lesson bi’ithnillaah.
For those who would like to review what has been missed, the book is available in English and can be bought from Salafi Bookstore.