Having completed the conditions, obligations and sunnan of Wudhoo, the Shaykh begins to explain the detailed manner of performing the wudhoo, which is as follows:
1) An-Niyah – Intention
2) Tasmiyah – To begin with the Name of Allah
3) To wash the hands three times
The Scholars say not to use soap during wudhoo unless there is a need, as water is a purifier. To constantly use soap when performing wudhoo is going into extremes and The Messenger of Allah Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “Destroyed are those who go to extremes”.
4) To rinse the mouth three times and then the nose three times. Shaykh Uthaymeen said it is also allowed to get more water for rinsing the nose, after the water has gone into the mouth. Then left hand is used to take water out from nose.
5) To wash the face three times.
6) To wash the hands up to the elbows three times.
The ruling on washing over fake finger nails: It is haram to use finger nails, we have been commanded to clip the nails, and these nails are in clear opposition to the fitrah.
However, the Committee of Major Scholars said if there is a need, for example, a woman has lost a fingernail or it cracked, it is allowed for her to have a fake finger nail; however, when washing the hands, she must remove the fingernail.
Must nail varnish be removed for wudhoo? If it forms a barrier, and water doesn’t reach it, then it is obligatory to remove it. As for henna, it does not form mass and it does not have to be removed.
7) To wipe over the whole head, only once, including the ears. Wiping over the head is done by placing wet hands on the upper part of the forehead and letting them pass backwards until they reach the back of the head. This is obligatory. Bringing them back a second time to the original starting point of the upper forehead is sunnah, as mentioned by Shaykh Uthaymeen. Then he enters his index fingers into his earhole, then he wipes the outer ears with his thumbs.
In all of these affairs, the men and the women are equal and the same, except for that in which there is a proof for. So the woman will also wash starting from where her head begins, up to where the hair on her head ends (i.e. the back of the neck, not where her hair ends).
8) Wash the feet three times, including the ankles. As for the one who is amputated, losing a foot or an arm, this individual washes that which remains. Shaykh Uthaymeen said if a person’s whole leg has been lost, the obligation of washing the foot is lifted upon that person due to the statement of Allaah:
“So keep your duty to Allah and fear Him as much as you can” (64:16)
If a person has no hands to make ablution, it is obligatory upon a Muslim to help them.
9) After finishing ablution, an authentic narration that can be uttered is:
أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
‘Ash-hadu ‘an laa ‘ilaaha ‘illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu wa ‘ash-hadu ‘anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasooluhu
I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, Who has no partner; and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger. (Muslim 1/209)
For more details of this lesson, please listen to the audio.