In this lesson, Ustaadh Abu Humayd explains some of the characteristics that are legislated for muslims to have.
From the characteristics legislated for the Muslim:
-Helping one in need
The Messenger of Allaah Salallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam was asked: “What is it that causes most people to enter paradise?” So the Messenger of Allaah Salallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said “Taqwa (fear and piety of Allaah) and having good manners”.
It was also narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Indeed the believer, due to his good character, will reach by way of it, the level of the one who used to fast and stand the night in prayer”.
This hadeeth shows the importance and the status of having good character. This hadeeth must not be misunderstood, as the fasting mentioned here refers to the optional fasts and the prayers mentioned in the hadeeth refer to the one who prayed the optional prayers. It does not mean it is permissible to leave off praying and fasting, and simply maintaining good character.
Allaah The Mighty and Majestic says in the Quran:
وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلَىٰ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ
“And verily, you (O Muhammad) are on an exalted standard of character”.
This shows that we, as Muslims, must have the best of character. And first and foremost our good character must be to Allaah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala.
This is why, no matter how good the character of a disbeliever is with the people, it will not benefit him, as he has not directed it to the most deserving of it (i.e Allaah). Shirk is the worst of all characteristics so renders the rest of one’s good character futile if mixed with it.
Truthfulness: Truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to paradise. The most truthful is the one who is truthful to Allaah in worshipping Him alone.
It was narrated that The Messenger of Allaah Salallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “There is no person that testifies that there is no Deity worthy of worship in truth except Allaah and he bears witness truthfully from his heart, and acts upon it, except that Allaah has forbidden him from the fire”.
The next characteristic mentioned is Al-amaanah (to be trustworthy). Allaah says regarding this characteristic: “O you who believe! Betray not Allah and His Messenger, nor betray knowingly your Amanat (things entrusted to you, and all the duties which Allah has ordained for you). 8:27
It is likewise mentioned in a hadith that it is from the characteristics of the hypocrite that when he is trusted he betrays the trust.
Hayah (shyness) is another characteristic legislated in the religion. It was narrated that The Messenger of Allaah Salallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “That which the people reached from the earlier Prophetic speech is that if you have no shyness, then do as you please”.
Allaah also states in the Quran:
“Then whosoever wills, let him believe, and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve”. 18:29
Some may consider from this verse that disbelief is allowed. However, Allaah says in the next ayah:
“Verily, We have prepared for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.), a Fire whose walls will be surrounding them (disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah). And if they ask for help (relief, water, etc.) they will be granted water like boiling oil, that will scald their faces. Terrible the drink, and an evil Murtafaqa (dwelling, resting place, etc.)!”
From this it is important to understand that forcing people to believe in Islaam is not allowed; however, everyone will receive their recompense for their actions.
The next characteristic mentioned is Shujaa’ah (bravery). This is something a Muslim is encouraged to uphold.
In Islaam there are seven deadly sins; from them:
- To run and turn one’s back on the battlefield (meaning when there is a legitimate war).
Ibn Ul-Qayyim said: “Men are of three types: the man who is complete, then you have the man who is like half a man, then you have a man who is nothing”. This is mentioned in the context of having knowledge and being brave.
It was also narrated that Ibnul Qayyim mentioned that a complete man is one who has knowledge and bravery.
An example of this is Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahhaab. Shirk was commonplace in his time, and there were many Scholars. They had knowledge but not bravery to speak out. He however combined both characteristics and was verbal in speaking out against shirk.
Also from the characteristics of a Muslim is to help those in need as much as one is able.
The Messenger of Allaah Salallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whoever removes a worldly grief from a believer, Allah will remove from him one of the griefs of the Day of Resurrection. And whoever alleviates the need of a needy person, Allah will alleviate his needs in this world and the Hereafter”.
To learn about further benefits please listen to the full talk BaarakAllaahu Feekum.