After establishing the understanding of Eemaan, Imam Harb bin Ismaaeel Al Kirmaani moved on to discussing the affair of Qadr (Divine Predecree), which is what was discussed in this lesson. From the benefits mentioned by the Imam in his book;
-It is from the 6 fundamental beliefs of Imaan.
-We must believe in its good and evil. Whether its large or small, sweet or bitter, whats open and whats hidden. It is all from Allaah, he has ordained it for His slaves. It does not bypass anybody nor does it escape them. Everyone is heading to that which they are created for. This is all from the justice of Allaah Azza wa Jal.
-Allaah commanded the pen to write everything that is to occur, 50000 years before the creation of the universe. Everything in relation to the Heavens and the Earth. Allaah had knowledge of all of this before it was brought into creation. A persons lifespan, his rizq (provisions, wealth,etc), his actions and whether he will be happy or miserable in this life and the Hereafter are all written and are part of belief in the Qadr.
-Those who opposed this correct belief are the innovated group known as the “Qadariyyah”. They say the persons actions are not created by Allaah, a person creates their own actions. They have been named as the Fire Worshippers of this Ummah (As they claim there are 2 creators; the creator of good and the creator of evil). The Qadariyyah went even further, they say mankind are responsible for creating their own actions, attributing an Action of Allaah to the creation, this is shirk (associating partners with Allaah.)
-Another group who opposed this belief is the deviant group known as the “Jabarriyah”. They say mankind is forced and have no free will over their actions. The refutation of this belief is the ayah:
“He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. ” 2:286
-The texts support the belief of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah;
“Verily, We have created all things with Qadar” 54:4.
“And you will not, unless (it be) that Allah wills, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).” 81:29
-We say Allaah had knowledge of everything from the start of time to the end. Nothing will differ from what has been written. Mankind has free will over their actions, however this free will comes under the bounds of what Allaah has decreed.
-The pen wrote all of the affairs in Al Lawh Al Mahfoodh (The Preserved Tablet).
-Fornication, theft, murder, shirk and other sins and disobedience are all from the decree of Allaah and that which He has ordained. Despite this, none can use this as a proof against Allaah azza wa Jal. He is not questioned, rather we are questioned as per the ayah:
“He cannot be questioned as to what He does, while they will be questioned.” 21:23
-Allaah did not leave us to our own intellects, rather He sent us Prophet’s and Messengers and Books, making clear what is pleasing to Allaah and what is displeasing to Him. So we are all responsible for choosing to perform good or evil deeds. He sent a warner to every nation, the evidence is:
“Messengers as bearers of good news as well as of warning in order that mankind should have no plea against Allah after the Messengers” 4:165
“And there never was a nation but a warner had passed among them.” 35:24
-Allaah knew who would be from the people of Paradise and who would be from the people of Hellfire.
-Allaah had fore knowledge of the creation, He knew the disobedience of the people of disobedience so He created the disobedience for them. He knew the obedience of the people of obedience so He created obedience for them.
-If everything has already been written, why should we do anything? The Prophet Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam was asked this and he said:
“No, perform deeds, for indeed the actions which the person is created for will be made easy for him”
Meaning, good deeds will be made easy for the person of good and vice versa. So we should strive to do good.